Sunday, January 24, 2016

A Jazz Book Club - John Hammond

Recently I finished reading, The Producer: John Hammond and the Soul of American Music by Dunstan Prial. 

My 'jazz book club' series of posts include: Miles DavisChet BakerHerbie Hancock, Charles Mingus, Charlie Parker and Sidney Bechet

Instead of doing a traditional book review, I wanted to share what I learned along with some music. 

A Jazz Book Club - John Hammond

John Hammond was a 20th-century critic, journalist and producer. Hammond grew up as part of the Vanderbilt family - one of the wealthiest families in America during the Gilded Age. While he was young Hammond became obsessed with music, and would sneak into Harlem to listen to jazz and blues performers like Bessie Smith. 

Watch Bessie Smith sing, "St. Louis Blues":

John Hammond is known for discovering many of jazz's great performers and recording them: Billie Holiday, Benny Goodman, Charlie Christian, Lionel Hampton, Teddy Wilson and George Benson, among others. 

Hammond was deeply involved with desegregation, and pushed for Benny Goodman to hire Teddy Wilson, Lionel Hampton, Billie Holiday and Charlie Christian. Hammond saw Goodman's popularity as a bridge into having mixed bands not only on recording, but in tours throughout the country. Hammond eventually played an active role in the NAACP.

Watch the Benny Goodman Quartet perform, "I Got I Heartful of Music":

It is amazing to think how many jazz legends met each other through Hammond. Some iconic pairings in jazz, such as Freddie Green and Count Basie, Lester Young and Billie Holiday, Teddy Wilson and Benny Goodman, were caused by Hammond's work as a producer and impresario.

Watch Billie Holiday perform, "Fine and Mellow":

Hammond worked for many record labels, including Columbia Records.  In addition to his work with jazz, Hammond discovered such greats as Aretha Franklin, Bob Dylan, Stevie Ray Vaughan and Bruce Springsteen. 

Watch Aretha Franklin sing, "I Say A Little Prayer":

It was interesting to hear that Hammond pushed for Bob Dylan even though Columbia wanted to drop him from the label. Going against the popular opinion, Hammond was able to discern talent and help many artists achieve success. 

Final Thoughts:
Learning about John Hammond allowed me to put some great milestones in American music in context.

John Hammond

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Since September 2015, I have been the JazzBoston newsletter writer-editor. Please sign up for the monthly newsletter to learn more about the Boston jazz scene. 

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